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Garden of the Finzi-Continis

Rachel Blaustein, left, and Anthony Ciaramitaro as young Italian Jews on the cusp of World War II in “The Garden of the Finzi-Continis.”

Rachel Blaustein, left, and Anthony Ciaramitaro††† Credit...Alan Chin


Garden of the Finzi-Continis


†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† By Edward Rubin


The brilliant The Garden of the Finzi-Continis, a collaboration between the National Yiddish Theater Folksbiene and New York City Opera which opened Off Broadway on Holocaust Remembrance Day for a limited run of eight performance at the Museum of Jewish Heritage, sung in English, with subtitles, running three barely noticeable hours with one intermission, sold out even before it opened.


Based on Giorgio Bassaniís best-selling 1962 novel, The Garden of the Finzi-Continis, is both a love story, albeit unrequited, and the story of the Finzi-Continis family, privileged members of the Jewish Community in Ferrara, Italy, and their friends during the rise of Mussolini and the eventual Nazi occupation.


Having seen the 1970, 90-minute film directed by Vittorio De Sica starring Dominique Sanda and Helmut Berger - it won an Academy Award for Best Foreign Language in 1972 - composer Ricky Ian Gordon (The Grapes of Wrath, Intimate Appeal), who had long been a fan of De Sicaís film, couldnít resist turning the Bassaniís story into an opera.


ďI think there was something about the juxtaposition of personal pain and universal pain. I suddenly saw what made the story so tragic. I couldnít even endure it,Ē he told one interviewer. The operaís librettist Michael Korie (Grey Gardens, War Paint, Flying Over Sunset), must have agreed for their opera, after a short Covid delay had its world premiere. For those who missed it, stayed tuned, for rumor has it that a future production is in the works.


Directed by Michael Capasso and Richard Stafford (he also is credited with the productionís concept), Fenzi-Continis, with its two acts, a prologue, an epilogue, nineteen incident-filled scenes, a cast of 32, and a fifteen-member James Lowe conducted orchestra played with a light touch that allowed the acting and singing to take precedence. The production, beautifully enhanced by John Farrellís set of angular walls, harboring changing location projections, spans the late 1920s through 1955.


Ciaramitaro, right, plays Giorgio, a middle-class young man who enters the aristocratic circle of the Finzi-Continis.

Ciaramitaro, right, plays Giorgio† and cast††††† †Credit...Alan Chin


Sharing the majority of scenes, and most of the singing, are the Finzi-Continisí two children, MicÚl Finzi-Contini (soprano Rachel Blaustein), her closeted and sickly brother Alberto (baritone Brian James Myer), his best friend and secret crush Giampi Malnate, (baritone Matt Ciuffitelli), and Giorgio (tenor Anthony Ciaramitaro, in whose eyes the story, from beginning to end, is being recounted.


No doubt, it is no accident that Giorgio bears the same first name as bookís novelist, as much of this story, though fictional, is based on the life of Giorgio Bassani as he lived it.†††


The lionís share of the opera, aside from trip to Venice by MicÚl, and a visit to Giorgioís house, takes place at the home, garden, library, and tennis courts of the Finzi-Continis estate where it was believed by family, friends, and the Jews of Ferrara, erroneously as it turns out, that this lush walled-in tree-filled Garden of Eden was a safe haven where nothing will change, despite World War II going on outside.†


In 1938, shortly before Kristallnacht, for the Jews of Italy, everything changed when the government under Mussolini began to legislate and enforce anti-Semitic laws which effectively removed Jews from all government jobs, teachers in public schools and universities, and the armed forces, marrying non-Jews, employing non-Jews, and owning property. The evil that was to follow is still, to this day, unfathomable.††††††


Flashing ahead in time to 1955, long after the Finzi-Continis and the Jews of Ferrara are no more (some left early on, the others ended up in the death camps) the operaís prologue begins with Giorgio. Having survived the war, he is returning to the village synagogue of his youth, now in ruins, he learns from the synagogueís caretaker that all of the congregants, including Finzi- Contini family were deported to the camps.


Scene two brings us back to 1927. Here Giorgio standing in the village synagogue is observing himself at age 15 making eye contact for the first time with the young MicÚl Finzi-Contini later to become, obsessively so, the unrequited love of his life. From scene two on, the story follows the fate of Gorgio, his brother Ernest (Robert Balonek), the Finzi-Contini family, their friends, and the people of Ferrara.†† ††


Some ten years later, Giorgio, now a student at the University of Bologna, while biking past the Finzi-Continis compound he spies MicÚl leaning over the wall of the family compound. Flirtatiously, she invites Giorgio to come inside to play tennis. Worrying about where to park his bike, how to climb the wall, and perhaps even remembering his fatherís (Franco Pomponi) advice that the aristocratic family was well above their station, regrettably he rides on.†


When the villageís tennis club stopped allowing Jews membership, the Finzi-Continisí opened their garden to both rich and poor. Giorgio and his friends, having been denied membership in the village tennis club, they were invited to the Finzi-Continisí garden for tennis and refreshments where they are greeted by MicÚl and Alberto, and introduced to other members of the family. Chief among them was MicÚlís father Professore Ermann (Peter Kendall Clark), who upon that hearing that Jews were also banned from using the public library, suggested that Giorgio to do his University research at the familyís extensive library.


It is here that Giorgio, entering into the familyís daily life, begins to develop a close friendship with MicÚl. Soon, coupled with beautifully sung duets, and walks in the garden away from the crowds, becomes their Joy du Jour.


Eventually, in two highly dramatic love-confessing scenes, one awkward, the other a physically shocking and aggressive move† (in Act Two, Scene 6), MicÚl, rebuffing Giorgioís advances, ends their friendship. He later learns the soul-crushing news that all along MicÚl was having an affair with Malnate.† †††††


At the operaís ending, again it is 1955 Ė still hopelessly in love with MicÚl Ė we find Giorgio standing in the ruined synagogue of Ferrara. Realizing that he must go on with his life he sings, ďYou are my memory. To live my life, I need to let you go. Addio, Mamma, Addio, Papa, Addio, MicÚl, Addio. Addio". With one last look back, Giorgio exits. As the lights begin to fade in the synagogueís empty space, the brass lamp, a reminder of Godís eternal presence, which hasnít been lit for years, begins to glow.††



Cast: DíMarreon Alexander (Man 1), Robert Balonek (Ernesto, Merchant), Tatev Baroyan (MicÚl Finzi-Contini Cover), Rachel Blaustein (MicÚl Finzi-Contini), Michael (Cover), Jeremy Brauner (Giorgio Cover), Anthony Ciaramitaro (Giorgio), Adam Cioffari (Congregant, Librarian, Merchant, Nazi Official, OS vocal Blackshirt), Matt Ciuffitelli (Giampi Malnate), Peter Kendall Clark (Professor Ermann, Tennis Club Proprietor), Kate Feuchterman (Cover), Dani Goldstein (Woman 1), John Robert Green (Cover), Spenser Hamlin (Rabbi, Mussolini, Merchant 1, Cantor, Uncle Frederico, Councilman), Kristee Haney (Signora Regina/Sophia), Rebecca L. Hargrove (Congregant, Lidia/Cristina, Aunt Bella), Sarah Heltzel (Olga Finzi-Contini), Adam Klein Perotti), Meredith Krinka (Young MicÚl), Dimitrie Lazich (Cover), Melanie Long (Congregant, Gisella, Cousin Hannah), Brian James Myer (Alberto Finzi-Contini), Violet Paris (Young MicÚl Finzi-Contini), Elissa Pfaender (Cover), Mary Phillips (Mama), Franco Pomponi (Papa), Gabe Ponichter (Young Giorgio), Tim Roller (Man 2), Sami Sallaway (Woman 2), Drew Seigla (Congregant, Bruno, Uncle Arturo, Merchant, Fascist Guard, OS vocal blackshirt), Markos Simopoulos (Congregant, Merchant, Bank Teller, Fascist, OS vocal blackshirt), Rosy Anousch Svazlian (Signorina Ricca-Cohen and Congregant), Rachel Zatcoff, (Congregant, Adriana), Alfred Capasso (Jor)†††††††††


New York City Opera Orchestra: Concert Master: Deborah Wong, Yana Goichman: Violin 2, Claire Chan: Violin 3, Sarah Adams: Viola, Robert La Rue: Cello, Lewis Paer: Bass, Janet Arms: Flute/Piccolo, Randall Wolfgang: Oboe/English Horn, Mitchell Kriegler: Clarinet, Marc Goldberg: Bassoon, Nancy Billmann: Horn, Don Batchelder: Trumpet, Chris Olness: Trombone, John Ostrowski: Percussion, Dmitry Glivinsky: Piano, David Carp: Librarian, Gail Kruvand: Orchestra Personnel Manager†


Technical: Set and Projection Designer: John Farrell, Costume Designer: Ildiků

Debreczeni, Lighting Design: Susan Roth, Wig and Makeup Designer: Loryn Pretorios, Production Stage Manager: Diana Vassal-DuMelle


The National Yiddish Theatre Folksbiene, New York City Opera opened their production of The Garden of the Fenzi-Continis on Thursday, January 27, 2022 for 8 performances at the Museum of Jewish Heritage at Edmond J. Safra Hall, 36 Battery Place in Manhattan. It closed on Sunday, February 6. Running was 3 hours with one intermission. For more information, or to buy tickets go to or call 646-437-4202.


Edward Rubin is a member of American Theatre Critics Association, NYCís Drama Desk, and the Outer Critics Circle, International Association of Theatre Critics,

International Association of Art Critics, PEN American Center